Advertisement

The Recommendation Architecture: Relating Cognition to Physiology

  • L. Andrew Coward

Abstract

A definition of the scope of a scientific theory of human cognition is proposed in which for any psychological state a corresponding physiological state can be identified, and causal relationships between psychological states have corresponding causal relationships between physiological states. The vital role of a simple functional architecture in functionally complex commercial electronic systems is described, and it is argued that selection pressures have resulted in simple functional architectures in biological brains. However, the functional architecture is qualitatively different from the architectures in electronic systems. Electronic systems have the instruction architecture in which functional components exchange unambiguous information. The only alternative is the recommendation architecture in which functional components exchange ambiguous information. Systems with the recommendation architecture demonstrate phenomena with a striking similarity to psychological experiences such as learning, object recognition, associative memory, dream sleep without recall, constant sensory independent sequences of mental images, and individual differences between the experience of the same conditions. All of these phenomena can be described in a consistent fashion on both psychological and physiological levels. It is therefore argued that biological brains have the recommendation architecture, and that this architecture makes possible a scientific theory of cognition. The nature of representation in such an architecture is discussed.

Keywords

Mental Image Functional Component Causal Connection Functional Architecture Psychological Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bardeen, J., Cooper, L. N. & Schrieffer, J. R. (1957) Physical Review 108: 1175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carpenter, G. A. & Grossberg, S. (1988) The ART of Adaptive Pattern Recognition by a Self-Organizing Neural Network. IEEE Computer 3: 77–88.Google Scholar
  3. Cauller, L. (1995) Layer I of primary sensory neo-cortex: Where top-down converges with bottom-up. Behavioral Brain Research 71: 163–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Coward, L. A. (1990) Pattern Thinking. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  5. Coward, L. A. (1996) Understanding of Consciousness through Application of Techniques for Design of Extremely Complex Electronic Systems. Presented at Towards a Science of Consciousness, Tucson, Arizona.Google Scholar
  6. Coward, L. A. (1997) The Pattern Extraction Hierarchy Architecture: a Connectionist Alternative to the von Neumann Architecture. In: Mira, J., Morenzo-Diaz, R. & Cabestanz, J. (eds.) Biological and Artificial Computation: from Neuroscience to Technology. Berlin: Springer, pp. 634–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coward, L. A. (1998) A functional architecture approach to neural systems. To be published.Google Scholar
  8. Harlow, T. M. (1868) Recovery from passage of an iron bar through the head. New England Medical Society 2: 327–46.Google Scholar
  9. Kohonen, T. (1990) The Self-Organizing Map. Proceedings of IEEE 78, pp. 1464–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lashley, K. S. (1950) In Search of the Engram. Symposia of the Society for Experimental Biology 4: 454–82.Google Scholar
  11. Levine, J. (1983) Materialism and Qualia: The explanatory gap. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 64: 354–361.Google Scholar
  12. Peschl, M. & Riegler, A. (1999) Does Representation Need Reality? Rethinking Epistemological Issues in the Light of Recent Developments and Concepts in Cognitive Science. This volume.Google Scholar
  13. Skaggs, W. E. & McNaughton, B. L. (1996) Replay of neuronal firing sequences in rat hippocampus during sleep following spatial experience. Science 211:1870–1873.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Andrew Coward
    • 1
  1. 1.Nortel NetworksCanada

Personalised recommendations