Mechanical Circulatory Support

  • Joe Helou
  • Robert L. Kormos
Part of the Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine book series (DICM, volume 225)


Mechanical cardiac assistance had its origins as an offshoot from the development of cardiopulmonary bypass. Early efforts in the design and development of devices were focused on providing support for the body and the heart during periods of recovery from impaired cardiac function following unsuccessful cardiac surgery and / or acute myocardial infarction. With the recognition that cardiac replacement was needed for end-stage congestive heart failure, research developed along parallel lines with both natural (heart transplantation) and mechanical (total artificial heart) solutions. Therefore, today mechanical circulatory support is used primarily in these two settings: a) for acute onset of myocardial failure that is potentially recoverable (post-cardiotomy or acute myocardial infarction support) and b) for chronic end-stage congestive heart failure which is refractory to traditional medical therapy. The latter setting has the largest potential population of patients that require assistance and help.


Centrifugal Pump Ventricular Assist Device Mechanical Circulatory Support Total Artificial Heart Axial Flow Pump 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joe Helou
  • Robert L. Kormos

There are no affiliations available

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