The Role of Science in the Negotiations of the Antarctic Treaty- an Historical Review in the light of Recent Events
Finn Sollie recounted how in late December 1958, the situation was one where the atmosphere of the cold war dominated the world. This also affected the “Antarctic question”. Traditionally interest in the continent had been generated by its potential as a source or seals and whales that could be hunted, with rurs and oil yielding a good price on a world market. Science had come in with these interests in resource exploitation. With the sharpening of the tensions founded in the surge of nationalism which triggered the First World War, the quest for making and defending territorial claims took over. Behind this were both economic and political motives: whaling and bases for whaling stations, as well as in the British case the right to tax whale oil. Of course an element of national prestige was also involved.
KeywordsAtomic Bomb ANTARCTIC Research Katabatic Wind Political Motive Territorial Claim
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