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Organelles of Filamentous Fungi

  • P. Markham

Abstract

Filamentous fungi are typical eukaryotes in many respects and contain a wide range of membrane-bounded subcellular compartments which are the sites of specialised functions. These are organelles as defined by the possession of a bounding membrane. Filamentous fungi contain all the major organelles with the key exception of the chloroplast, which is absent from all of these non-photosynthetic organisms. In addition, the occurrence of a structurally identifiable Golgi apparatus, with the classic dictyosome organization of stacked disc-shaped cisternae, is rare among filamentous fungi. It is common only in the Mastigomycotina, most notably in the class Oomycetes (CR9 et al., 1974), a group which shows many affinities with algae and may only be tenuously related to most filamentous fungi (CR7, 1987; CR20, 1987a, CR20, 1987b). A comparison of the genomic sequences coding for small-subunit ribosomal RNA has indicated that Oomycetes, represented by Achlya bisexualis, are very closely related to the chrysophytes (golden-brown algae) and show far less similarity to green algae or to ascomycete fungi (CR41 et al., 1987).

Keywords

Filamentous Fungus Neurospora Crassa Aspergillus Nidulans Hexagonal Crystal Penicillium Chrysogenum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Neil A.R. Gow and Geoffrey M. Gadd 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Markham
    • 1
  1. 1.Microbiology DepartmentKing’s CollegeLondonUK

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