Fear of Heterogeneity in the Study of Human Populations and the Statistical Artifacts It Produces

  • Helena Chmura Kraemer
Part of the The Plenum Series in Culture and Health book series (PSCH)


There are few absolute statements worth risking in characterizing bio-behavioral research with living human populations. One exception might be: Whatever the population, whatever the response, living human populations are heterogeneous.


Admission Rate Gender Bias Socioeconomic Class Statistical Artifact Ecological Fallacy 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helena Chmura Kraemer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesStanford University School of MedicineStanford

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