Growth and Dispersion in the New World

  • A. J. Jaffe


How many immigrants arrived from Siberia and adjacent areas will never be known. By the time that the Europeans appeared at the end of the fifteenth century, there were well over 1 million north of the Rio Grande and perhaps between 10 and 100 million throughout the Western Hemisphere (see Chapter 7). The great majority were American Indians. The number of Inuits (Eskimos) and Aleuts probably amounted to no more than 100,000.


Pacific Coast Sixteenth Century Western Hemisphere Average Annual Rate Average Annual Increase 


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  1. 1.
    Photocopy received from author.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    We assume that he means growth per year. The author does not specify.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Borah, in 1964, estimated that there were 100 million at the time of European “discovery”; seeGoogle Scholar
  4. Dobyns (1976, p. 12). 4 Cowgill (1975) has an excellent discussion of this topic of population growth.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    The rates of average annual increase shown in Figure 3.3 are averages of the cycles calculated on an annual basis. There is no implication that the population increases continuously at the specified rate, year after year, ad infinitum. Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    The states, whole or part, included in the Great Basin are Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nebraska, Oregon, Utah, and Wyoming in the United States, and parts of the southern Prairie Provinces in Canada (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Jaffe
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.National Museum of the American IndianNew YorkUSA

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