Some Observations

  • A. J. Jaffe


We present as comprehensive a picture as possible of the population changes, the ever-changing demography, of the original inhabitants of that part of the earth’s surface known today as Canada and the United States. We follow them from the time of first arrival in the Western Hemisphere to the end of the twentieth century


Twentieth Century Demographic History Western Hemisphere Skeletal Remains Land Bridge 
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  1. 1.
    Under favorable climatic conditions, there was more grass for the buffalo, and the herds were larger and less mobile. The food supply for the Indians was more assured, and the human aggregations somewhat more complex and larger. The climatic conditions varied from one segment of the Great Plains to another at any moment of time and from one time to another in any given segment. The Plains Indians adapted as best they could to such variability on the part of Mother Nature.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    For an interesting and readable discussion of glaciers, see John and Katherine Imbrie (1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hopkins 1982; see p. 12, Figure 3, and pp. 430 ff. Also 1967, Chapter 24, especially pp. 461–465.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Slobodin, 1981, pp. 361 ff.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Statistics Canada, 1984, Catalogue 96901, Table 1.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1989, Tables 1078 and 1112.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ninth Census of the United States, 1870, pp. xvi and xvii.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Indian Population in the United States and Alaska 1910, p. 10.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Canada’s Native People (1984).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Readers wishing to pursue this topic will find useful Vazsonyi and Spirer (1984); also Robert Schlaifer (1961).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Jaffe
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.National Museum of the American IndianNew YorkUSA

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