The Development of Pediatrics as a Specialty
Peter English’s ‘“Not Miniature Men and Women‘: Abraham Jacobi’s Vision of a New Medical Specialty a Century Ago”  provides important insights into the history of pediatrics. Using the writings and speeches of early pioneers in American pediatrics, he has described some of the arguments these leaders used to convince fellow physicians and the public of the need for a medical specialty whose sole concern was children. In recounting how early leaders in pediatrics demonstrated that children were not “miniature men and women,” Dr. English necessarily covers a number of topics in a short space. He gives a very close-up view, from the perspective of the participants themselves. In this commentary, I will take a few steps back and survey more of the scene to gain a sense of how the arguments English presents fit into the larger picture of turn-of-the-century medicine and society.
KeywordsMedical Specialty Late Nineteenth Century Primary Care Specialty Fellow Physician Diphtheria Antitoxin
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