Child Health and Public Policy

  • Barbara Starfield
Part of the Philosophy and Medicine book series (PHME, volume 33)


At one time in our history, children were very important. Were it not for the labor they contributed, many families would not have risen above penury. To a considerable extent, we owe the success of our national growth over the first century of our nation to the children. We “rewarded“ them with a system of public education that, with all of its problems, is still a model for most of the world [4].


Bacterial Meningitis Rheumatic Fever Blood Lead Level Lead Poisoning Poor Child 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ackerman, F.: 1982, Reaganomics: Rhetoric vs Reality, Southland Press, Boston.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Annest, J. L. and Mahaffey, K.: 1984, ‘Blood Levels for Persons 6 Months — 74 Years’, in National Center for Health Statistics, United States, 1976–80, Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, No. 233, U.S. Public Health Service, Washington. DHHS Pub. No. (PHS) 84-1683.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Annest, I, O’Connell, D., Roberts, J., and Murphy, R. ‘Blood Lead Levels From the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Study, 1976–1980’, in Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention and Control and Public Health Approaches to an Environmental Disease, Maternal and Child Health Section, Office of Health Services and Environmental Quality, Department of Health and Human Resources, New Orleans.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Axinn, J. and Stern, M.: 1985, ‘Age and Dependency: Children and the Aged in American Social Policy’, Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly I Health and Society 63, 648–670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bellinger, D., Nedleman, H., Leviton, A., Waternaux, C., Rabinowitz, M., and Nichols, M.: 1984, ‘Early Sensory-motor Development and Prenatal Exposure to Lead’, Neurobehavioral Toxicology 6, 387–402.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Blendon, R. and Rogers, D.: 1983, ‘Cutting Medical Care Costs’, JAMA 250, 1880–1885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Butler, J., Winter, W., Singer, J., and Wenger, M.: 1985, ‘Medical Care Use and Expenditure Among Children and Youth in the United States: Analysis of a National Probability Sample’, Pediatrics 76, 495–507.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Children’s Defense Fund: 1986, A Children’s Defense Budget, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Children’s Defense Fund: 1984, American Children in Poverty, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Children’s Defense Fund: 1984, CDF Reports, Vol. 6,#4 (June), Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Children’s Defense Fund: 1985, Testimony before the Subcommittee on Taxation and Debt Management of The Senate Finance Committee regarding S.367 The Child Health Incentive Plan, Sept. 16.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Committee for the Study of Inborn Errors of Metabolism: 1975, Genetic Screening: Programs, Principles, and Research, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Furstenberg, F., Jr., Nord, C., Peterson, J. and Zill, N.: 1985, ‘The Life Course of Children of Divorce: Marital Disruption and Parental Contact’, American Sociological Review 48, 656–668.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gordis, L.: 1973, ‘Effectiveness of Comprehensive Care Programs in Preventing Rheumatic Fever’, New England Journal of Medicine 289, 331–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hankin, J. and Starfield, B.: 1986, ‘Epidemiologic Perspectives on Psychosocial Problems in Children’, in N. Krasnegor, J. Arasteh, and M. Cataldo (eds.), Child Health Behavior, John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 70–93.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    ‘Health Care Financing Trends’, Health Care Financing Review 6:2 (Winter 1984), 97–105.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hughes, D., Johnson, K., Simons, J. and Rosenbaum, S.: 1968, Maternal and Child Health Data Book, Children’s Defense Fund, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Johnston, L., O’Malley, P. and Bachman, J.: 1985, Use of Licit and Illicit Drugs by America’s High School Students 1975–1984, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Drug Abuse, Rockville, Maryland. DHHS Publication No. (ADM) 85-1394.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lurie, N., Ward, N., Shapiro, M., Gallego, C., Vaghaiwalla, R., and Brook, R.: 1986, ‘Termination of Medical Benefits’, New England Journal of Medicine, 314, 1266–1268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    McCormick, M.: 1985, ‘The Contribution of Low Birth Weight to Infant Morbidity & Childhood Mortality’, New England Journal of Medicine 312, 82–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    National Center for Health Statistics: 1982, Health, United States, 1982. U.S. Public Health Service, Washington. DHHS Pub. No. (PHS) 83-1232.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Newacheck, P. and Halfon, N.: 1986, ‘Access to Ambulatory Care Services for Economically Disadvantaged Children’, Pediatrics 78, 813–819.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Papiernik, E., Bouyer, J., Dreyfus, J., Collin, D., Winisdorffer, G., Guegen, S., Lecomte, M., and Lazar, P.: 1985, ‘Prevention of Preterm Births: A Perinatal Study in Haguenau, France’, Pediatrics 76, 154–158.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Peterson, J. and Zill, N.: 1986, ‘Marital Disruption, Parent-Child Relationships and Behavioral Problems in Children’, Journal of Marriage and Family 48, 295–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Preston, S.: 1984, ‘Children and the Elderly: Divergent Paths for America’s Dependents’, Demography 21, 435–457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Quick, J., Greenlick, M., and Roghmann, K.: 1981, ‘Prenatal Care and Pregnancy Outcome in an HMO and General Population: A Multivariate Cohort Analysis’, American Journal of Public Health, 71, 381–390.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rush, D.: 1986, The National W1C Evaluation, Vol 1: Summary, Office of Analyses and Evaluation, Food and Nutrition Services, Department of Agriculture, Alexandria, Va., Contract No. 53-3198-9-87.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Schwartz, J., Angle, G., and Pitcher, H.: 1986, ‘Relationship Between Childhood Blood Lead Levels and Stature’, Pediatrics 77, 281–288.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Schwartz, K.: 1985, Who Doesn’t Have Health Insurance, and What Is To Be Done?, Urban Institute, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Shapiro, S., Jacobziner, H., Densen, P., and Weiner, L.: 1960, ‘Further Observations on Prematurity and Perinatal Morbidity in a General Population and in the Population of a Prepaid Group Practice Medical Care Plan’, American Journal of Public Health 50, 1304–1317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sidei, V.: 1986, ‘Current Toll of the Final Epidemic: Death and Illness from the Weapons Race’, International Journal of Mental Health, 15, 40–55.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sidel, V.: 1985, ‘Destruction before Detonation. The Impact of the Arms Race on Health and Health Care’, Lancet II, 1287–1289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Starfield, B.: 1985, Effectiveness of Medical Care: Validating Clinical Wisdom, The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Starfield, B.: 1982, Family Income, III Health, and Medical Care of Children’, Journal of Public Health Policy 3, 244–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Starfield, B., Hankin, J., Steinwachs, D., Horn, S., Benson, P., Katz, H., and Gabriel, A.: 1985, ‘Utilization and Morbidity: Random or Tandem?’ Pediatrics 75, 241–247.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Starfield, B., Katz, H., Gabriel, A., Livingston, G., Benson, P., Hankin, J., Horn, S., and Steinwachs, D.: 1984, ‘Morbidity in Childhood: A Longitudinal View’, New England Journal of Medicine 310, 824–829.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    U.S. Bureau of the Census: 1985, Current Population Reports. Characteristics of the Population Below the Poverty Level: 1983, Series P-60, No. 147, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Ways and Means: 1985, Children In Poverty. WMCP: 99-8, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zee, P., DeLeon, M., Roberson, P., and Chen C.-H.: 1985, ‘Nutritional Improvement of Poor Urban Preschool Children: A 1983–1977 Comparison’, JAMA 253, 3269–3272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Zill, N.: 1988, ‘Behaviors, Achievement and Health Problems Among Children and Step Families: Findings from a National Survey of Child Health’, in E. Mavis Hetherington, J. Arasteh (eds.), The Impact of Divorce, Single Parenting and Step-Parenting, Lawrence Erlbaum Associate, Hillsdale, New Jersey, 1988.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Zill, N.: 1980, The State of American Children According to Their Parents and Teachers. National Survey of Children, Foundation for Child Development, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Starfield
    • 1
  1. 1.The Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimore

Personalised recommendations