Advertisement

Barriers to Internationalization

  • Peter J. Buckley

Abstract

The argument of this chapter is that internationalization is a special case of the growth of the firm. Consequently, many of the concepts that have proved serviceable in analyzing the growth of the firm domestically can prove useful in the case of internationalization. However, there are extra dimensions to international expansion that need to be delineated.

Keywords

Foreign Direct Investment Small Firm Direct Investment Foreign Market Network Member 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aharoni, Y., 1966, The Foreign Investment Decision Process, Boston, MA.: Graduate School of Business Administration, Harvard University.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, E., Gatignan, H., 1986, “Modes of Foreign Entry: A Transaction Cost Analysis and Propositions,” Journal of International Business Studies, 17,3, pp. 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bartlett, C.A., 1981, “Multinational Structural Change: Evolution versus Reorganization,” in Otterbeck, L. (ed.), The Management of Headquarters — Subsidiary Relationships in Multinational Corporations, Aldershot: Gower.Google Scholar
  4. Brooke, M.Z., 1984, Centralization and Autonomy, Eastbourne: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  5. Buckley, P.J., 1983, “New forms of International Industrial Cooperation: A Survey of the Literature,” Aussenwirtschaft, 38,2, pp. 195–222. [Reprinted in Buckley and Casson, 1985.]Google Scholar
  6. Buckley, P.J., et al., 1988, “Organizational Forms and Multinational Companies,” in Thompson, S., Wright, M. (eds.), Internal Organization, Efficiency and Profit, Oxford: Philip Allan.Google Scholar
  7. Buckley, P.J., 1989, “Foreign Direct Investment by Small and Medium Sized Enterprises: The Theoretical Background,” The Multinational Enterprise: Theory and Applications, London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  8. Buckley, P.J., Casson, M., 1976, The Future of the Multinational Enterprise, London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  9. Buckley, P.J., Casson, M., 1985, The Economic Theory of the Multinational Enterprise, London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  10. Buckley, P.J., Davies, H., 1981, “Foreign Licensing in Overseas Operations: Theory and Evidence from the UK,” in Hawkins, R.G., Prasad, A.J. (eds.), Technology Transfer and Economic Development, Greenwich, CT.: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  11. Buckley, P.J., Dunning, J.H., 1976, “The Industrial Structure of US Investment in the UK,” Journal of International Business Studies, 1,2, pp. 5–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Buckley, P.J., Newbould, G.D., Thurwell, J., 1988, Foreign Direct Investment by Smaller UK Firms, London: Macmillan. [Previously published in 1978 as Going International: The Experiences of Smaller Firms Overseas.]Google Scholar
  13. Buckley, P.J., Pass, C.L., Prescott, K., 1990, “Foreign Market Servicing by Multinationals: An Integrated Approach,” International Marketing Review, 7,4, pp. 25–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Buckley, P.J., Prescott, K., 1989, “The Structure of British Industry’s Sales in Foreign Markets,” Managerial and Decision Economics, 10,3, pp. 189–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Casson, M., and Associates, 1986, Multinationals and World Trade, London: George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  16. Caves, R.E., Porter, M.E., 1979, “From Entry Barriers to Mobility Barriers: Conjectural Variations and Contrived Deterrence to New Competition,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 9, pp. 241–261.Google Scholar
  17. Contractor, F., Lorange, P. (eds.), 1988, Cooperative Strategies in International Business, Lexington, MA.: Lexington Books, D.C. Health & Co.Google Scholar
  18. Dunning, J.H., 1991, “The Eclectic Paradigm of International Production: A Personal Perspective,” in Pitelis, C.N., Sugden, R. (eds.), The Nature of the Transnational Firm, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Giddy, I.H., 1978, “The Demise of the Product Cycle Model in International Business Theory,” Columbia Journal of World Business, 13, pp. 90–97.Google Scholar
  20. Hallen, L., Weidersheim-Paul, F., 1979, “Psychic Distance and Buyer-Seller Interaction,” Organization, Mar hand och Samhalle, 16,5, pp. 308–324.Google Scholar
  21. Hamel, G., Doz, Y., Prahalad, C.K., 1989, “Collaborate with Your Competitors — and Win,” Harvard Business Review, January–February, pp. 113–139.Google Scholar
  22. Hedlund, G., Kverneland, A., 1983, “Are Establishments and Growth Strategies for Foreign Market Changing,” paper presented at the 9th European International Business Association Conference, Oslo, December 18–20, 1983.Google Scholar
  23. Hymer, S.H., 1976, The International Operations of National Firms: A Study of Direct Investment, Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press. [Previously unpublished doctoral dissertation, I960.]Google Scholar
  24. Johanson, J., Mattsson, L.G., 1988, “Internationalization in Industrial Systems — A Network Approach,” in Hodd, N. and Vahlne, J.E. (eds.), Strategies in Global Competition, London: Croom-Helm.Google Scholar
  25. Johanson, J., Vahlne, J.E., 1977, “The Internationalization Process of the Firm — A Model of Knowledge Development and Increasing Foreign Market Commitments,” Journal of International Business Studies, 8,1, pp. 23–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Johanson, J., Vahlne, J.E., 1990, “The Mechanism of Internationalization,” International Marketing Review, 7,4, pp. 11–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Johanson, J., Wiedersheim-Paul, F., 1975, “The Internationalization of the Firm — Four Swedish Cases,” Journal of Management Studies, October, pp. 305–322.Google Scholar
  28. Kindleberger, C.P., 1969, American Business Abroad, New Haven, CT.: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Luostarinen, R., 1979, The Internationalization of the Firm, Helsinki: Acta Academia Oeconomica Helsingiensis.Google Scholar
  30. Millington, A.I., Bayliss, B.T., 1990, “The Process of Internationalization: UK Companies in the EC,” Management International Review, 30,2, pp. 151–161.Google Scholar
  31. Penrose, E., 1959, The Theory of the Growth of the Firm, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  32. Porter, M.E., 1985, Competitive Advantage, New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  33. Porter, M.E. (ed.), 1986, Competition in Global Industries, Boston, MA.: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  34. Richardson, G.B., 1972, “The Organization of Industry,” Economic Journal, 82, pp. 883–896.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Turnbull, P., 1987, “A Challenge to the Stages Theory of the Internationalization Process,” in Rosson, P.J., Reid, S.D. (eds.), Managing Export Entry and Expansion, New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  36. Vernon, R., 1966, “International Investment and International Trade in the Product Cycle,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 80, pp. 190–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Vernon, R., 1974, “The Location of Economic Activity,” in Dunning J.H. (ed.), Economic Analysis and the Multinational Enterprise, London: George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  38. Vernon, R., 1979, “The Product Cycle Hypothesis in a New International Environment,” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 41, pp. 255–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wells, L.T., 1983, Third World Multinationals: The Rise of Foreign Investment from Developing Countries, Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  40. White, R.G., Poynter, T.A., 1984, “Strategies for Foreign Owned Subsidiaries in Canada,” Business Quarterly, 49,2, pp. 59–69.Google Scholar
  41. Young, S., 1987, “Business Strategy and the Internationalization of Business, Recent Approaches,” Managerial and Decision Economics, 1, pp. 31–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Young, S., et al., 1989, International Market Entry and Development: Strategies and Management, Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.Google Scholar

References

  1. Ansoff, I., 1984, Implanting Strategic Management, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  2. Bartlett, C.A., Ghoshal, S., 1987, “Managing across Borders: New Strategic Requirements,” Sloan Management Review, Summer, pp. 7–17.Google Scholar
  3. Canziani, A., 1984, La strategia aziendale, Milano: Giuffre.Google Scholar
  4. Canziani, A., 1989, “The Integration of World Economies and the New Challenges for Multinational Companies,” Economia Aziendale, April, pp. 49–77.Google Scholar
  5. Canziani, A., Masini, C., 1988, “L’economicită di imprese di settori oligopolistici,” in VV.AA., Saggi in onore di Luigi Guatri, Milano: Bocconi Comunicazione, Vol. I, pp. 253–266.Google Scholar
  6. Clarke, I.M., 1985, The Spatial Organization of Multinational Corporations, London and Sidney: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  7. Doz, Y.L., Prahalad, C.K., 1987, “A Process Model of Strategic Redirection in Large Complex Firms: the Case of Multinational Corporations,” in Pettigrew, A. (ed.), The Management of Strategic Change, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, pp. 63–83.Google Scholar
  8. Ghoshal, S., 1987, “Global Strategy: an Organizing Framework,” Strategic Management Journal, pp. 425–440.Google Scholar
  9. Hamilton, F.E.I., Linge, G.J.R., 1981, International Industrial Systems, Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  10. Mascarenhas, B., 1986, “International Strategies of Non-Dominant Firms,” Journal of International Business Studies, Spring, pp. 1–25.Google Scholar
  11. Owen, R.F., 1984, “A Comparative Study of the Inter-Industry Determinants and Economic Performance of Foreign Direct Investments in France,” Recherches Economiques de Louvain, 3–4, pp. 221–262.Google Scholar
  12. Pettigrew, A.M., 1983, “Patterns of Managerial Response as Organizations Move from Rich to Poor Environments: A Response to Tim Briahouse,” Educational Management and Administration, 11, pp. 104–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Porter, M.E., 1986, “Changing Patterns of International Competition,” California Management Review, 2, Winter, pp. 9–40.Google Scholar
  14. Rugman, A.M., 1986, “New Theories of the Multinational Enterprise: An Assessment of Internationalization Theory,” Bulletin of Economic Research, 2, pp. 101–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rugman, A.M., 1986, “Multinational Enterprises and Strategies for International Competitiveness,” in VV.AA., Advances in Comparative Management, Tokio: JAI Press, pp. 47–58.Google Scholar
  16. Schoenenberger, E., 1985, “Foreign Manufacturing Investment in the U.S.: Competitive Strategies and International Location,” Economic Geography, July, pp. 241–259.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter J. Buckley

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations