Crew selection and training
The advertisement allegedly placed by the great Anglo-Irish explorer Ernest Shackleton may be apocryphal, but its content applies equally to those selected for a Mars mission, an expedition characterized by extreme temperatures, galactic cosmic radiation, high-speed micrometeorites and a host of physiological and environmental stressors. The expeditions embarked upon by Shackleton, Fridtjof Nansen and Douglas Mawson almost a century ago resemble in many ways the conditions of isolation and confinement which will be experienced by future space travelers traveling to and living on Mars. The conditions will be different, but many of the problems confronting future space explorers will be the same ones that troubled explorers in the past, a reality that will be reflected in the unique selection criteria applied to those lucky few chosen to go to Mars.
KeywordsEuropean Space Agency Lunar Orbit Martian Surface Lunar Lander Mars Mission
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Ayre, M.; Zancanaro, C, and Malatesta, M. Morpheus — Hypometabolic Stasis in Humans for Long Term Space Flight. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society. Vol. 57. 2004.Google Scholar
- 2.Boyer, B., and Barnes, B.M. Molecular and Metabolic Aspects of Mammalian Hibernation. Bioscience, 49, No. 9, 1999.Google Scholar
- 3.Cater, J.P., and Huffman, S.D. Use of Remote Access Virtual Environment Network (RAVEN) for Coordinated IVA-EVA Astronaut Training and Evaluation. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments. Vol. 4. No. 2 (Spring 1995). p. 103–109.Google Scholar
- 4.Chung J.; Harris M.; Brooks F.; Kelly M.T.; Hughes J.W.; Ouh-young M.; Cheung C; Holloway R.L., and Pique M. Exploring virtual worlds with head-mounted displays, non-holographic 3-dimensional display technologies, Los Angeles, 15–20 January 1989.Google Scholar
- 5.Clancey, W.J. Participant Observation of a Mars Surface Habitat Mission Simulation.Google Scholar
- 7.Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act. H.R. 493, May 21st, 2008.Google Scholar
- 8.Graf, J.; Finger, B.; Daues, K. Life Support Systems for the Space Environment. Basic Tenets for Designers, http://advlifesupport.jsc.nasa.gov/. 2001.Google Scholar
- 9.Hayes-Roth, B., and Larsson, J.E. Guardian: an intelligent autonomous agent for medical monitoring and diagnosis. IEEE Intelligent Systems (January/February), pp. 58–64, 1998.Google Scholar
- 10.Hoffman, S.J., and Kaplan, D.I. (eds). Human Exploration of Mars: The Reference Mission of the NASA Mars Exploration Study Team. NASA Special Publication 6107. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas. (Addendum, Reference Mission Version 3.0, June 1998, EX13-98-036). 1997.Google Scholar
- 11.Rebo R.K. and Amburn P. A helmet-mounted environment display system. In Helmet-Mounted Displays, SPIE Proceedings vol. 1116, pp. 80–4. 1989.Google Scholar
- 14.Stanney K. Handbook of Virtual Environments: Design, Implementation and Applications. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar