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Protein and Cell Interactions with Nanophase Biomaterials

  • Courtney M. Creecy
  • David A. Puleo
  • Rena Bizios
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of current knowledge regarding protein and cell interactions with nanophase materials, that is, materials with feature sizes of less than 100 nm in (at least) one dimension. Nanophase biomaterials promote select and specific interactions with biomolecules and, subsequently, support enhanced mammalian cell functions pertinent to new tissue formation. Although some advances have been made in elucidating aspects of these processes, many questions regarding fundamental processes controlling protein and cell interactions with nanophase biomaterials remain unanswered. Advantages and limitations of these material formulations are highlighted in this chapter; challenges and needs for further research that will elucidate the cellular and molecular processes, as well as pertinent underlying mechanisms, are outlined. These issues must be addressed and resolved before the full potential and promise of these novel biomaterial formulations can be realized.

Keywords

Ceramic Substrate Cadmium Selenide Osteoblast Adhesion Conventional Alumina Nanophase Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

CO2

carbon dioxide

DMEM

Dulbecco’s modified Eagle medium

FBS

fetal bovine serum

HA

hydroxyapatite

PBS

phosphate-buffered saline

PLA

poly(l-lactic acid) PMMApoly(methyl methacrylate)

RGD

arginine–glycine–aspartic acid

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Courtney M. Creecy
    • 1
  • David A. Puleo
    • 2
  • Rena Bizios
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringThe University of Texas at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.Center for Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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