Access to Culturally Competent Care for Patients Living with HIV/AIDS
Knowledge and interpersonal skills that allow providers to understand, appreciate, and work with individuals from cultures other than their own. It involves an awareness and acceptance of cultural differences; self-awareness; knowledge of patient’s culture; and adaptation of skills.1
The principles of culturally competent care have been derived from a vast body of knowledge in medical anthropology outlining the relationship between illness, culture, and the individual. Some experts in this field have expressed concern about the “medicalization” of cultural competence into a set of skills and list of behaviors that need to be memorized to be practiced effectively. Because the topic is complex and unique to each patient, it is not well suited to rote memorization and can be difficult to teach. But within the HIV research community many insightful studies have been performed that outline disparities in care for minority populations and propose mechanisms to help bridge the divide between patient and provider and to inform the discussion of how best to teach cultural competence.
KeywordsCultural Competence Objective Structure Clinical Examination African American Patient Ancillary Service Interpreter Service
Supported in part by an HIVMA/IDSA Minority Clinical Fellowship Award to Dr. Loida Bonney and by the NIH/NIAID Grant No. 2P30 AI 50409-09 (Emory Centers of AIDS Research).
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