Denmark is a small, northern European country of 5.4 million inhabitants. Its capital city, Copenhagen, is home to just over 0.5 million people. The ISRD-2 survey described herein was carried out in the Copenhagen Metropolitan Area, which has a total population of 1.2 million. Denmark’s other large cities include Aarhus (pop. 217,000), Odense (pop. 145,000) and Aalborg (pop. 120,000). The remainder of the Danish population lives in mid-sized towns distributed fairly evenly across the country.

Like her Scandinavian neighbours, Denmark is a welfare state with one of the world’s strongest economies and a modern infrastructure. Twenty per cent of Danes are under the age of 18, while 13% are over 65. Almost two-third of all deaths are due to cancer, heart disease or vascular disorders; 1.3% are due to suicide. Handguns are relatively scarce, and the rate of lethal violence is low by both European and international standards (Aebi et al., 2006). Fear of crime, especially violent crime, is also low by international standards (Van Dijk et al., 2008).

Denmark’s population is notably homogeneous in terms of socio-economic status and ethnicity. Yet, immigration has increased tremendously in Denmark since 1980, bringing with it increased heterogeneity. In 2007, 8.8% of Denmark’s population was comprised of immigrants, three-quarters of whom were first generation. Two-thirds of Denmark’s immigrants are of non-Western origin. Turkey is the single most common land of origin. Denmark’s immigrants are concentrated in and around the Copenhagen Metropolitan Area, where they comprise 14% of the population (Statistics Denmark, 2007).


Ninth Grade Family Composition Summary Index Index Offence Generation Immigrant Status 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Aebi, M. F., Aromaa, K., Aubusson de Cavarlay, B., Barclay, G., Gruszczyñska, B., von Hofer, H., Hysi, V., Jehle, J.-M., Killias, K., Smit, P., and Tavares, C. (2006). European sourcebook of crime and criminal justice statistics 2006, 3rd edition. The Hague: WODCGoogle Scholar
  2. Farrington, D. P. (1986). Age and crime. In: Tonry, M. and Morris, N. (eds.), Crime and justice: an annual review of research, vol. 7. Chicago: University of Chicago PressGoogle Scholar
  3. Kyvsgaard, B. (1992). Ny ungdom? (New Youth?). Copenhagen: Jurist- og Økonomiforbundets ForlagGoogle Scholar
  4. McCord, J. and Conway, K. P. (2002). Patterns of juvenile delinquency and co-offending. In: Waring, E. and Weisburd, D. (eds.), Crime and social organization: advances in criminological theory, vol. 10. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction PublishersGoogle Scholar
  5. Sparks, R., Genn, H., and Dodd, D. (1977). Surveying victims: a study of the measurement of criminal victimization, perceptions of crime, and attitudes to criminal justice. New York: WileyGoogle Scholar
  6. Statistics Denmark (2007). Indvandrere i Danmark 2007 (Immigrants in Denmark 2007). Copenhagen: Danmarks StatistikGoogle Scholar
  7. Van Dijk, J. J. M., van Kesteren, J. N., and Smit, P. (2008). Criminal victimisation in an international perspective: key findings from the 2004–2005 ICVS and EU ICS. The Hague: Boom Legal PublishersGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research DivisionMinistry of JusticeCopenhagenDenmark

Personalised recommendations