Benign and malignant neoplasms as well as reactive inflammatory lesions of the vulva present as ulcers, white plaques, swellings, and red or dark pigmented lesions. In view of the overlap in clinical and gross features, surgical sampling is often required to establish the diagnosis. Almost all intraoperative consultations relate to the evaluation of malignant or premalignant lesions (Table 2.1). Specimens generally fall into two categories: (a) biopsies and other limited procedures for diagnostic/therapeutic indications and (b) a variety of vulvar resections of pre-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions.
KeywordsHuman Papilloma Virus Basal Cell Carcinoma Human Papilloma Virus Infection Vulvar Cancer Lichen Sclerosus
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