• Donna M. Coffey
  • Ibrahim Ramzy
Part of the Frozen Section Library book series (FROZEN, volume 11)


Benign and malignant neoplasms as well as reactive inflammatory lesions of the vulva present as ulcers, white plaques, swellings, and red or dark pigmented lesions. In view of the overlap in clinical and gross features, surgical sampling is often required to establish the diagnosis. Almost all intraoperative consultations relate to the evaluation of malignant or premalignant lesions (Table 2.1). Specimens generally fall into two categories: (a) biopsies and other limited procedures for diagnostic/therapeutic indications and (b) a variety of vulvar resections of pre-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions.


Human Papilloma Virus Basal Cell Carcinoma Human Papilloma Virus Infection Vulvar Cancer Lichen Sclerosus 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pathology and Genomic Medicine The Methodist HospitalWeill Medical College of Cornell UniversityHoustonUSA
  2. 2.University of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

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