Global Warming and Climate Change
The term climate refer to the average weather over a long period of time, which, based on the recommendations of the World Meteorological Organization, is 30 years. Weather is described by a set of local parameters such as the earth surface temperature, humidity, precipitation level, wind speed, and so on; nevertheless, the temperature is the most significant one. Global climate is also mainly defined by the average earth temperature, for which the currently adopted value is 15°C. The temperature of the earth is a consequence of the thermal radiation energy balance among the earth, the sun, and the extraterrestrial space.
KeywordsGlobal Warming Energy Intensity Global Warming Potential Greenhouse Effect Radiative Balance
Radiative forcing, W/m2
Global warming potential
Average solar radiation intensity, W/m2
Climate sensitivity factor
Time constant, s
Stefan-Boltzmann constant, 5.67 × 10−8 W/m2K4
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