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The AER/EPRI global chemical transport model for mercury (CTM-HG)

  • Christian Seigneur
  • Krish Vijayaraghavan
  • Kristen Lohman
  • Leonard Levin
Chapter

Summary

Mercury (Hg) has an atmospheric residence time on the order of 1 year (Schroeder and Munthe, 1998). Therefore, it can be transported over long distances and the development of source-receptor relationships requires modeling tools that are compatible with fate and transport processes at global scales. Furthermore, the assessment of the potential impact of mercury emission sources at regional scales requires knowledge of the upwind concentrations of mercury species because those upwind “background” concentrations are quite influential for modeling the atmospheric fate and transport of mercury at continental and regional scales. Since there is a paucity of data to specify such boundary conditions, particularly aloft, it is more reliable to obtain such boundary conditions from a global simulation, contingent upon satisfactory performance of the global model. To that end, the AER/EPRI global chemical transport model for mercury (CTM-Hg) was developed to simulate the global cycling of atmospheric mercury. We present first a general description of the model, followed by more detailed discussions of the chemical mechanism and emission inventory. Then, results of a performance evaluation with some available data are presented. Finally, we present results for the contribution of four source regions to atmospheric mercury deposition in those regions.

Keywords

Emission Inventory Anthropogenic Emission Elemental Mercury Mercury Emission Atmospheric Mercury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Seigneur
    • 1
  • Krish Vijayaraghavan
    • 1
  • Kristen Lohman
    • 1
  • Leonard Levin
    • 1
  1. 1.Atmospheric & Environmental Research, Inc.San RamonUSA

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