Global Challenges of Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Part of the Statistics for Biology and Health book series (SBH)


As we have seen in the last chapter, infectious and parasitic diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly in developing countries. Approximately 26% of global deaths and 26% of global burden of disease were attributed to infectious diseases in 2001 (Lopez et al.2006 see Chapter 1). One in two deaths that are mostly preventable occurs in developing countries (Kim-Farley 2004 Folch et al.2003. Looking to the remaining 21st century, we could imagine a decline in major infectious diseases like malaria and AIDS as a result of an adoption of effective prevention strategies and treatments or, like in the case of hepatitis B, as a consequence of worldwide vaccination programs in children. In addition, new vaccines, new treatment technologies, as well as an improvement in infrastructures can contribute to win the “battle against infectious diseases.”


Infective Endocarditis Nosocomial Infection Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Foodborne Disease 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public HealthUniversity of BielefeldBielefeldGermany

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