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Airborne Transmission: Influenza and Tuberculosis

  • Timo Ulrichs
Chapter
Part of the Statistics for Biology and Health book series (SBH)

Abstract

Seasonal influenza occurs in waves and can vary in strength. It affects all age groups, but mainly little children and the elderly. In Germany, about 10,000 people die each year from seasonal influenza, mostly elderly people. The death rate is associated with the influenza strain: H3N2 subtype causes a higher death toll than H1N1. Children play an important role in spread and transmission dynamics during an influenza wave (winter holidays may delay the peak of an influenza wave).

Keywords

Avian Influenza Tuberculosis Control Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus Pandemic Preparedness Pandemic Vaccine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

Influenza

  1. Ferguson NM, Cummings DAT, Fraser C, Cajka JC et al. (2006) Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemic. Nature; 442(7101):448–52; critical discussion on counter-measures in case of a pandemic CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  1. National Pandemic Preparedness Plan Germany (in German). http://www.rki.de (latest access: May 2009)
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  4. WHO Global Influenza PreparednessPlan, http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/pandemic/en/, (latest access: May 2009); published in 2005; update in progress, planned for May 2009.

Tuberculosis

  1. Atun RA, Samyshkin YA, Drobniewski F, Skuratova NM, Gusarova G, Kuznetsov SI, Fedorin IM, Coker RJ (2005) Barriers to sustainable tuberculosis control in the Russian Federation health system. Bull World Health Organ.; 83(3):217–23Google Scholar
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  4. Ridderhof JC, van Deun A, Man Kam K, Narayanan PR, Aziz MA (2007) Roles of laboratories and laboratory systems in effective tuberculosis programmes. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 85 (5): A-419; detailed overview about the WHO system of the supranational reference laboratory network.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Rom WN, Garay SM, (editors) (2004) Tuberculosis. 2nd edition; Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; good chapters on infection epidemiology Google Scholar
  6. WHO Tuberculosis Report 2007 (2007). Global tuberculosis control – surveillance, planning, financing – WHO report on tuberculosis 2007. http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/2009/en/index.html (latest access: May 2009; excellent annual overview of the current development in TB numbers)
  7. WHO Fact Sheet EUTB/02 (2007). Epidemiology of tuberculosis in Europe; updated on the occasion of Ministerial Forum on Tuberculosis, state-of-the-art of evaluation of TB epidemiology Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Koch-Metschnikow-ForumBerlinGermany

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