In the current technological landscape colored by environmental and security concerns the logic of replacing traveling by technical means of communications is undisputable. For example, consider a comparison between a normal family car and a video conference system with two laptop computers connected over the Internet. The power consumption of the car is approximately 25 kW while the two computers and their share of the power consumption in the intermediate routers in total is in the range of 50 W. Therefore, to meet a person using a car at an one hour driving distance is equivalent to 1000 hours of video conference. The difference in the costs is also increasing. An estimate on the same cost difference between travel and video conference twenty years ago gave only three days of continuous video conference for the same situation [29]. The cost of video conference depends on the duration of the session while traveling depends only on the distance. However, in a strict economical and environmental sense even a five minute trip by a car in 2008 becomes more economical than a video conference only when the meeting lasts more than three and half days.


Speech Signal Augmented Reality Sound Source Session Initiation Protocol Social Presence 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Philips Research EuropeEindhovenThe Netherlands

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