The Size of Neuronal Assemblies, Their Frequency of Synchronization, and Their Cognitive Function
In many aspects of cognitive neuroscience it is useful to assume that the main task of cognition is the guidance of action. Cognition evolves in a constantly changing environment in an adaptive and context-dependent way. Cognitive operations are successful if they generate not “correct” representations of external stimuli, but actions that are adapted to the specific situation (von Stein, 1999; Engel et al., 2001). Hence, the human brain is very flexible in its decision to assign a behavioral response to a perceived external stimulus and the same stimulus may elicit one of a variety of motor responses depending on the internal brain state and the behavioral context assigned to the stimulus.
KeywordsLocal Field Potential Volume Conduction Gamma Frequency Alpha Wave Spectral Estimator
Astrid von Stein has contributed substantially to the concepts and our experiments presented in this chapter (Sarnthein, 2005).
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