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Pediatric (Non-CNS) Tumors

  • Stuart Y. Tsuji
  • Linda W. Chan
  • Daphne A. Haas-Kogan
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter will discuss Wilms’ tumor, neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma, pediatric Hodgkin’s disease, and retinoblastoma. The number one cause of death in children is accidents (44%), followed by cancer (10%), congenital abnormalities (8%), homicide (5%), and heart disease (4%). Of childhood cancers, leukemias are the most common (∼30%, the majority of which are ALL) followed by CNS neoplasms (∼20%), lymphomas (∼15%, Hodgkin’s > NHL > Burkitt’s lymphoma), neuroblastoma (∼8%), Wilms’ tumor (∼6%), osteosarcoma (∼3%), rhabdomyosarcoma (∼3%), non­r­ha­b­domyo­sarcoma soft-tissue sarcomas (∼3%), Ewing’s sarcoma (∼2%), retinoblastoma (∼2%), and others. Of pediatric CNS neoplasms, gliomas are most common (low-grade astrocytomas ∼35–50%, brainstem gliomas ∼15%, malignant astrocytomas ∼10%, optic pathway gliomas ∼5%), followed by medulloblastoma (∼20%), ependymomas (∼10%), craniopharyngioma (∼5–10%), and germ cell tumors (<5%). These are discussed in (Chapter 2). Whenever possible, we recommend that children be enrolled in cooperative group protocols.

Keywords

Clear Cell Sarcoma Brainstem Glioma Favorable Histology International Neuroblastoma Staging System Vitreous Seeding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Wilms’Tumor

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Ewing’S sarcoma

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Pediatric Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

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Retinoblastoma

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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stuart Y. Tsuji
    • 1
  • Linda W. Chan
    • 1
  • Daphne A. Haas-Kogan
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiation OncologyUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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