Unusual Neoplasms of the Head and Neck

  • Sunanda Pejavar
  • Eric K. Hansen
  • Sue Yom


Chloromas (also called granulocytic sarcomas or myeloid sarcomas) are solid extramedullary tumors consisting of early myeloid precursors associated with AML. The name derives from the green color of affected tissues. They are more frequent with AML M4 and M5 subtypes, and are associated with t(8;21). They may herald AML relapse after remission. They present in the CNS with increased intracerebral pressure, or in the orbit with exophthalmos.


Paranasal Sinus Carotid Body Glomus Tumor Granulocytic Sarcoma Carotid Body Tumor 
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We thank Dr. M. Kara Bucci for her contribution to this chapter in the first edition.

Further Reading

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  3. Chen HH, Fong L, Su IJ, et al. Experience of radiotherapy in lethal midline granuloma with special emphasis on centrofacial T-cell lymphoma: a retrospective analysis covering a 34-year period. Radiother Oncol 1996;38:1-6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hinerman RW, Mendenhall WM, Amdur RJ. Definitive radiotherapy in the management of chemodectomas arising in the temporal bone, carotid body, and glomus vagale. Head Neck 2001;23:363-371.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Khairi S, Ewend MG. Chordoma. Curr Treat Options Neurol 2002;4:167-173.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lee JT, Chen P, Safa A, et al. The role of radiation in the treatment of advanced juvenile angiofibroma. Laryngoscope 2002;112:1213-1220.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Pellitteri PK, Rinaldo A, Myssiorek D, et al. Paragangliomas of the head and neck. Oral Oncol 2004;40:563-575.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Perez CA, Thorstad WL. Unusual Neonepithelial Tumors of the Head and Neck. In: Halperin EC, Perez CA, Brady LW, editors. Principles and practice of radiation oncology. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008. pp. 996-1034.Google Scholar
  9. Tsao MN, Wara WM, Larson DA. Radiation therapy for benign central nervous system disease. Semin Radiat Oncol 1999;9:120-133.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sunanda Pejavar
    • 1
  • Eric K. Hansen
    • 2
  • Sue Yom
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiation OncologyUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Radiation Oncology, The Oregon ClinicProvidence St. Vincent Medical CenterPortlandUS

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