Advertisement

Congenital Ptosis

  • Edward J. Wladis
  • Dale R. Meyer
Chapter

Abstract

Multiple etiologies have been implicated in the pathogenesis of congenital ptosis (Kersten, Bartley, Nerad, et al. eds. Orbit, eyelids, and lacrimal system. Basic and clinical science course. 2001). In light of the wide array of mechanisms by which this problem arises, the management of congenital ptosis has traditionally proven somewhat difficult, and its repair necessitates accurate preoperative diagnostic assessment, careful consideration of one’s operative plan, and meticulous surgical technique. In this chapter, we review a variety of causes of congenital ptosis, discuss several hallmark diagnostic features, and outline a management strategy. A more extensive discussion of the individual steps inherent to each surgery can be found in greater detail in the “Surgical Treatment” section of this book.

Keywords

Levator Muscle Horner Syndrome Levator Function Levator Aponeurosis Congenital Ptosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Meyer DR. Congenital ptosis. In: Nerad JA, editor. Focal points. San Francisco, CA: American Academy of Ophthalmology; 2001.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kersten RC, Bartley GB, Nerad JA, et al., editors. Orbit, eyelids, and lacrimal system. Basic and clinical science course. San Francisco, CA: American Academy of Ophthalmology; 2001.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kersten RC, de Conciliis C, Kulwin DR. Acquired ptosis in the young and middle-aged adult population. Ophthalmology. 1995;102:924–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Putterman AM, Urist MJ. Müller muscle-conjunctiva resection. Arch Ophthalmol. 1975;93:619–23.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Holds JB, McLeish WM, Anderson RL. Whitnall’s sling with superior tarsectomy for the correction of severe unilateral blepharoptosis. Arch Ophthalmol. 1993;111:1285–91.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyAlbany Medical CenterAlbanyUSA

Personalised recommendations