Preoperative Decision Making in Ptosis Surgery

  • Chris Thiagarajah
  • Robert Kersten


This chapter serves to instruct ­physicians to properly evaluate a patient with ptosis. This includes determining the etiology of the ptosis, proper medical and surgical intervention, and managing patient expectations.


Frontalis Muscle Levator Function Tarsal Plate Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia Tear Film Breakup Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Bernardino CR, Rubin PA. Ptosis after cataract surgery. Semin Ophthalmol. 2002;17(3–4):144–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kersten RC, de Condiliis C, Kulwin DR. Acquired ptosis in the young and middle aged adult population. Ophthalmology. 1995;102(6):924–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Golnik KC, Pena R, Lee AG, Eggenberger ER. An ice test for the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis. Ophthalmology. 1999;106:1282–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ayala E, Galvez C, Gonzalez-Candial M, Medal R. Predictability of conjunctival-Müllerectomy for blepharoptosis repair. Orbit. 2007;26(4):217–21.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Frueh BR, Musch DC. Levator force generation in normal subjects. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 1990;88:109–19.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mauriello JA, Wagner RS, Caputo AR, Natale B, Lister M. Treatment of congenital ptosis by maximal levator resection. Ophthalmology. 1986;93(4):466–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bassin RE, Putterman AM. Full-thickness eyelid resection in the treatment of secondary ptosis. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009;25(2):85–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hass AN, Penne RB, Stefanyszyn MA, Flanagan JC. Incidence of postblepharoplasty orbital hemorrhage and associated visual loss. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004;20(6):426–32.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Parkin B, Manners R. Aspirin and warfarin therapy in oculoplastic surgery. Br J Ophthalmol. 2000;84(12):1426–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bartley GB. Oculoplastic surgery in patients receiving warfarin: suggestions for manage­ment. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 1996;12(4):229–30.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Linnemann B, Schwonberg J, Mani H, Prochnow S, Lindhoff-Last E. Standardization of light transmittance aggregometry for monitoring antiplatelet therapy: an adjustment for platelet count is not necessary. J Thromb Haemost. 2008;6(4):677–83. Epub 2008 Jan 8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Eye Care and Surgery Center of New JerseyWestfieldUSA

Personalised recommendations