Ptosis: Nailing the Diagnosis and Considering the Differential Diagnosis

  • Geoff Wilcsek
  • Ian C. Francis


It is essential that the clinician correctly identifies the aetiology of the ptosis, which will allow one to forge ahead with confidence and carry out surgical repair of the ptosis. It is important to remember that ptosis may represent the first manifestation of a systemic and possible neurological illness that could be life-threatening, or at least life-changing.


Nerve Palsy Facial Nerve Palsy Plexiform Neurofibroma Ocular Myasthenia Congenital Ptosis 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology, The Ocular Plastics Unit, Prince of Wales Hospital and Sydney Children’s HospitalThe University of New South WalesRandwickAustralia

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