In-Office Surgery, Anesthesia, and Analgesia

  • C. Robert Bernardino


Ocular surface, refractive, cosmetic, plastic, and reconstructive surgery can now be performed safely and efficiently in the office setting without the aid of an anesthesiologist. To make the transition to office-based surgery, an ophthalmologist must minimize anxiety in the conscious patient, manage anesthesia during surgery, and prevent postoperative pain and nausea. Pearls on patient selection, conscious sedation, and pain and nausea prevention will be discussed.


Motion Sickness Postoperative Nausea Fast Onset Breakthrough Pain Office Setting 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oculoplastics and Aesthetic SurgeryVantage Eye CenterMontereyUSA

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