Minimal Dissection, Small Incision Ptosis Correction

  • Bartley R. Frueh


Small-incision, minimal-dissection external levator advancement results in less disruption of the eyelid retractors. Preserving many of the levator aponeurosis attachments to the tarsus results in reduced operative time and less advancement of the levator needed to achieve satisfactory results.


Traditional Procedure Orbital Septum Minimal Dissection Tarsal Plate Levator Aponeurosis 
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    Frueh BR, Musch DC, McDonald H. Efficacy and efficiency of a new involutional ptosis correction procedure compared to a traditional aponeurotic approach. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2004;102:199–207.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Lucarelli MJ, Lemke BN. Small incision external levator repair: technique and early results. Am J Ophthalmol. 1999;127(6):637–44.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Baroody M, Holds JB, Sakamoto DK, et al. Small incision transcutaneous levator aponeurotic repair for blepharoptosis. Ann Plast Surg. 2004;52(6):558–61.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology, Kellogg Eye CenterUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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