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Renal and Fluid–Electrolyte Disorders

  • Joseph Varon
  • Pilar Acosta
Chapter

Abstract

An acidosis is any process that tends (in the absence of buffering or compensation) to cause the accumulation of hydrogen ions (H+). If the pH of the blood is lower than normal (<7.35), acidemia is present. Similarly, any process that tends to cause the accumulation of bicarbonate (HCO3) is an alkalosis. An elevated blood pH (>7.45) is referred to as alkalemia. When the acid–base disturbance arises as a result of changes in the carbon dioxide tension (PCO2) of the blood, a respiratory process is present.

Keywords

Peritoneal Dialysis Acute Renal Failure Intensive Care Unit Patient Acute Tubular Necrosis Renal Tubular Acidosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Texas Health Science CenterHoustonUSA

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