Production and Transport of Antibiotics from CAFOs

Part of the Emerging Topics in Ecotoxicology book series (ETEP, volume 1)


The largest source of antibiotics in the environment is likely their application in livestock. In particular, their routine use as growth promoters comprises the majority of antibiotic use. Antibiotic use for growth promotion is widespread in the US, but banned in Israel, Denmark, and other parts of Europe. Antibiotics consumed by livestock are largely unmetabolized and excreted into the environment. This chapter will discuss the various sources of antibiotics and their transport in the environment with respect to their chemical characteristics. Potential impacts of antibiotics in the environment will also be discussed.


Overland Flow Feed Conversion Ratio Poultry Litter Promote Weight Gain Relative Hydrophobicity 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Via Department of Civil & Environmental EngineeringVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA

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