Steroid Hormones Generated by CAFOs

  • Laurence Shore
Part of the Emerging Topics in Ecotoxicology book series (ETEP, volume 1)


The steroid hormones are phylogenetically very old and nature has developed numerous mechanisms for their decomposition. However, the huge volume of steroids generated from CAFOs and the appearance of hormones in streams and rivers requires that possible environmental impact needs to be assessed.


Anaerobic Digestion Artificial Insemination Dairy Manure Steroid Concentration Liquid Manure 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Endocrinology and ToxicologyKimron Veterinary InstituteBet DaganIsrael

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