Advertisement

Organic Compounds Used in Animal Husbandry

  • Laurence Shore
  • Robert Wershaw
Chapter
Part of the Emerging Topics in Ecotoxicology book series (ETEP, volume 1)

Abstract

Although in general, the same drugs are used by humans as for animal husbandry, some compounds are unique to CAFOs. In raising and fattening steers, anabolic steroids are widely used in the US. In the cattle industry, large use is made of the acaricides, avermectins, and the cypermethrins as well as juvenile growth hormone inhibitor for fly and tick control that could affect soil fauna in very small quantities as they reach the environment without any modification. In poultry, the organic arsenides have been widely used for decades to control coccidiosis and increase growth. The environmental fate of the arsenic excreted in the poultry feces is therefore been an area of concern.

Keywords

Dung Beetle Poultry Manure Poultry Litter Insect Growth Regulator Swine Slurry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abbas HK, Mirocha CJ, Shier WT (1984) Mycotoxins produced from fungi isolated from foodstuffs and soil: comparison of toxicity in fibroblasts and rat feeding tests. Appl Environ Microbiol 48:654–661Google Scholar
  2. Bertone MA (2004) Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae and Geotrupidae) of North Carolina cattle pastures and their implications for pasture improvement. Master’s Thesis, North Carolina State UniversityGoogle Scholar
  3. Blaser P, Zimmermann S, Luster J, Shotyk W (2000) Critical examination of trace element enrichments and depletions in soils: As, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in Swiss forest soils. Sci Total Environ 249:257–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cook DF, Dadour IR, Alis DN (1995) Effect of diet on the excretion profile of ivermectin in cattle faeces. Int J Parasit 26:291–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dadour IR, Cook DF, Hennessy D (2000) Reproduction and survival of the dung beetle Onthophagus binodis (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) exposed to abamectin and doramectin residues in cattle dung. Environ Entomol 29:1116–1122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Durhan EJ, Lambright CS, Makynen EA, Lazorchak J, Hartig PC, Wilson VS, Gray LE, Ankley GT (2006) Identification of metabolites of trenbolone acetate in androgenic runoff from a beef feedlot. Environ Health Perspect 114(S-1):65–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Environment Canada (1993) Priority substances list report: arsenic and its compounds, EN40-215/14E. Environmental Canada, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  8. Floate KD, Wardhaugh KG, Boxall ABA, Sherratt TN (2005) Fecal residues of veterinary parasiticides: nontarget effects in the pasture environment. Annu Rev Entomol 50:153–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Garbarino JR, Bednar AJ, Rutherford D, Beyer RS, Wershaw RL (2003) Environmental fate of roxarsone in poultry litter. I. Degradation of roxarsone during composting. Environ Sci Technol 37:1509–1514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Grafe M, Eick MJ, Gross PR, Saunders AM (2002) Adsorption of arsenate and arsenite on ferrihydrite in the presence and absence of dissolved organic carbon. J Environ Qual 31:1115–1123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gupta G, Charles S (1999) Trace elements in soils fertilized with poultry litter. Poultry Sci 78:695–698Google Scholar
  12. Han FX, Kingery WL, Selim HM, Gerard PD (2000) Accumulation of heavy metals in a long-term poultry waste-amended soil. Soil Sci 165:260–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jones FT (2007) A broad view of arsenic. Poult Sci 86:2–14Google Scholar
  14. Kennedy G, Cannavan A, McCracken RJ (2000) Regulatory problems caused by contamination, a frequently overlooked cause of veterinary drug residues. J Chromatogr A 882:37–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kolok AS, Snow DD, Kohno S, Sellin MK, Guillette LJ Jr (2007) Occurrence and biological effect of exogenous steroids in the Elkhorn River, Nebraska, USA. Sci Total Environ 388:104–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Krishnamurti GSR, Naidu R (2002) Solid-solution speciation and phytoavailability of copper and zinc in soils. Environ Sci Technol 36:2645–2651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Madsen M, Overgaard Nielsen B, Holter P, Pedersen OC, Brøchner Jespersen J, Vagn Jensen K-M, Nansen P, Grïnvøld J (1990) Treating cattle with ivermectin: effects on the fauna and decomposition of dung pats. J Appl Ecol 27:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Makris KC, Quazi S, Punamiya P, Sarkar D, Datta R (2008) Fate of arsenic in swine waste from concentrated animal feeding operations. J Environ Qual 37:1626–1633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Marin AR, Pezeshki SR, Masscheleyn PH, Choi HS (1993) Effect of dimethylarsenic acid (DMAA) on growth, tissue arsenic, and photosynthesis of rice plants. J Plant Nutr 16:865–880CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mortensen GK, Strobel BW, Hansen HCB (2006) Degradation of zearalenone and ochratoxin A in three Danish agricultural soils. Chemosphere 62:1673–1680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nachman KE, Graham JP, Price LB, Silbergeld EK (2005) Arsenic: a roadblock to potential animal waste management solutions. Environ Health Perspect 113:1123–1124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nielsen FH (1998) Ultratrace elements in nutrition: current knowledge and speculation. J Trace Elem Exp Med 11:251–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rabiet M, Togola A, Brissaud F, Seidel J-L, Budzinski H, Elbaz-Poulichet F (2006) Consequences of treated water recycling as regards pharmaceuticals and drugs in surface and ground waters of a medium-sized Mediterranean catchment. Environ Sci Technol 40:5282–5288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Russell R, Paterson M (2007) Zearalenone production and growth in drinking water inoculated with Fusarium graminearum. Mycol Progress 6:109–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rutherford D, Bednar AJ, Garbarino JR, Needham R, Staver KW, Wershaw RL (2003) Environmental fate of roxarsone in poultry litter. Part II. Mobility of arsenic in soils amended with poultry litter. Environ Sci Technol 37:1515–1520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Schiffer B, Daxenberger A, Meyer K, Meyer HHD (2001) The fate of trenbolone acetate and melengestrol acetate after application as growth promoters in cattle: environmental studies. Environ Health Perspect 109:1145–1151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Smith DJ (2000) Total radioactive residues and clenbuterol residues in swine after dietary administration of [14C]clenbuterol for seven days and preslaughter withdrawal periods of zero, three, or seven days. J Anim Sci 78:2903–2912Google Scholar
  28. Stark JD (2005) A review and update of the report “Environmental and health impacts of the insect juvenile hormone analogue, S-methoprene” 1999 by Travis R. Glare and Maureen O’Callaghan. New Zealand Ministry of Health, Wellington. http://www.smsl.co.nz/biosecure/NZB/Literature/s-methoprene-update.pdf. Accessed 8 Aug 2008
  29. Stolz JF, Perera E, Kilonzo B, Kail B, Crable B, Fisher E, Ranganathan M, Wormer L, Basu P (2007) Biotransformation of 3-nitro-4-hydroxybenzene arsonic acid (roxarsone) and release of inorganic arsenic by Clostridium species. Environ Sci Technol 41:818–823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Svendsen TS, Sommer C, Holter P, Grønvold J (2002) Survival and growth of Lumbricus terrestris (Lumbricidae) fed on dung from cattle given sustained-release boluses of ivermectin or fenbendazole. Eur J Soil Biol 38:319–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tyndale-Bisoce M (1996) Australia’s introduced dung beetles: original releases and distributions. CSIRO entomol tech report no. 62Google Scholar
  32. Wardhaugh KG (2005) Insecticidal activity of synthetic pyrethroids, organophosphates, Insect growth regulators, and other livestock parasiticides: an Australian perspective. Environ Toxicol Chem 24:789–796CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Waterhouse DF, Sands DPA (2001) Classical biological control of arthropods in Australia. Monograph 77Australian Center for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  34. Wilken R-D, Ternes TA, Th H (2000) Pharmaceuticals in sewage, surface and drinking water in Germany. In: Deininger RA, Literathy P, Bartram J (eds) Security of public water supplies. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 227–240Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Endocrinology and ToxicologyKimron Veterinary InstituteBet DaganIsrael

Personalised recommendations