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Antibiotic Resistant Genes in Soil Bacteria

  • Amy Pruden
Chapter
Part of the Emerging Topics in Ecotoxicology book series (ETEP, volume 1)

Abstract

The major concern of widespread antibiotic use in agriculture is not necessarily the compounds themselves, but their potential to contribute to the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance. The rate of occurrence of multi-drug resistant pathogens, such as tuberculosis and MRSA, continues to rise at a rapid rate, leading to growing concern in the health care realm. A growing body of multi-disciplinary research, in particular in microbial ecology and environmental science, is building an understanding of the relationship between antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in the environment. One particular view is that the antibiotic resistance genes themselves are emerging contaminants for which strategies are needed to treat and contain them. At the same time, it is important to keep in mind that antibiotic resistance genes, like many antibiotics, are naturally occurring. Therefore distinguishing anthropogenic influence from the natural background is essential. This chapter will tie together research from various disciplines to shed light on how antibiotic resistance is generated and transported in the environment.

Keywords

Antibiotic Resistance Horizontal Gene Transfer Resistant Bacterium Antibiotic Resistance Gene Antibiotic Resistant Bacterium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Via Department of Civil & Environmental EngineeringVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA

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