Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Malignancies



A variety of benign and malignant tumors occur in the liver. The most common benign hepatic tumors are cysts followed by cavernous hemangiomas. Focal nodular hyperplasia and adenomas more often affect women on oral contraceptives, whereas fatty infiltration and regenerating nodules more commonly occur in patients with cirrhosis. Abscesses and angiomyolipomas are uncommon. Among malignant tumors, metastases to the liver from various primaries, often multifocal, occur 20 times more often than primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Although many tumors may metastasize to the liver, this occurs mainly in colorectal, gastric, pancreatic, lung, and breast carcinoma. Ninety percent of malignant primary hepatic tumors are of epithelial origin and include HCC and cholangiocarcinoma.


Positron Emission Tomography Standard Uptake Value Pancreatic Carcinoma Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Gallbladder Carcinoma 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology and Radiological SciencesVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA

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