Terrestrial Aurorae and Solar–Terrestrial Relations

  • J.M. Vaquero
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 361)

Few phenomena have made as much of an impression on human beings as the aurora borealis, also known as the northern lights. The aurora is one of the most spectacular and earliest-known manifestations of the links between the Sun and the Earth. The northern and southern lights appear in the night sky with a great variety of colours and forms (Figure 6.1). The auroral activity is not rare, although few aurorae can be observed from low-latitude sites. Magnificent aurorae have been observed by humans since the beginnings of civilization. As the sky was the heaven where the gods of many civilizations were seated, the relationship between systems of belief and omen was rapidly established. Only in recent times was the scientific method applied, which soon revealed the cause: the variability of our Sun. The basic concepts of solar–terrestrial relations were laid down in Chapter 1.


Solar Wind Solar Activity Coronal Hole Sunspot Number Geomagnetic Storm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.M. Vaquero
    • 1
  1. 1.Depto. FisicaUniversidad Extremadura Fac. CienciasSpain

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