Congenital Heart Disease: Exercise and Sports Participation

  • Marla Mendelson


Athletes born with congenital heart disease may have previously undetected cardiac lesions that first come to medical attention during sports participation evaluation.


Congenital Heart Disease Aortic Stenosis Aortic Dissection Atrial Septal Defect Ventricular Septal Defect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Hirth, A, Reybrouck, T, Bjarnason-Wehrens, B, et al. Recommendations for participation in competitive and leisure sports in patients with congenital heart disease: a consensus document. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2006:13:293–299.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Maron, BJ, Douglas, PS, Thompson, PD. Task Force 1. Preparticipation screening and diagnosis of cardiovascular disease in athletes. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005:45:1322–1326.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Thaulow, E, Fredriksen, PM. Exercise and training in adults with congenital heart disease. Int J Cardiol. 2004:97:35–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dua, JS, Cooper, AR, Fox, KR, et al. Physical activity levels in adults with congenital heart disease. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007:14:287–293.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pigozzi, F, Rizzo, M. Sudden death in competitive athletes. Clin Sports Med.2008:27:153–181.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Thompson, PD, Franklin, BA, Balady, GJ, et al. Exercise and acute cardiovascular events: Placing the risks into perspective. Circulation. 2007:115:2358–2368.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Scharhag, J, Meyer, T, Kindermann, I, et al. Bicuspid aortic valve. Clin Res Cardiol. 2006:95:228–234.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Maron, B. Cardiovascular disease in athletes. In Zipes, D, Libby, P, Bonow, R, Braunwald E (eds) Baunwald’s heart disease: a textbook of cardiovascular medicine. 7th edition. Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia. 2004:1985–1991.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dent, JM. Congenital heart disease and exercise. Clin Sports Med. 2003:22:81–99.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kaplan, S, Perloff, J. Survival patterns after cardiac surgery or Interventional catheterization. In Perloff JK, Child, J (eds) Congenital heart disease in adults. WB Saunders, Philapdelphia. 1998:54–58.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Graham, TP, Driscoll, DJ, Gersony, WM, et al. Task force 2: Congenital heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005:45:1326–1333.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Stefani, L, Galanti, G, Toncelli, L, et al. Bicuspid aortic valve in competitive athletes. Br J Sports Med. 2008:42:31–35.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Galanti, G, Stefani, L, Vano, MC, et al. Effects of sports activity in athletes with bicuspid aortic valve and regurgitation. Br J Sports Med. 2010:44:275–279.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bonow, RO, Cheitlin, MD, Crawford, MH, et al. Task force 3: Valvular heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005:45:1334–1340.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Maron, BJ. Sudden death in young athletes. N Engl J Med. 2003:349:1064–1075.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Spataro, A, Pelliccia, A, Rizzo, M, et al. The natural course of bicuspid aortic valve in athletes. Int J Sports Med. 2008:29:81–85.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Giardini, A, Specchia, S, Berton, E, et al. Strong and independent prognostic value of peak circulatory power in adults with congenital heart disease. Am Heart J. 2007:154:441–447.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dimopoulos, K, Okonko, DO, Diller, GP, et al. Abnormal ventilatory response to exercise in adults with congenital heart disease relates to cyanosis and predicts survival. Circulation. 2006:113:2796–2802.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dimopoulos, K, Diller, GP, Piepoli, MF, et al. Exercise intolerance in adults with congenital heart disease. Cardiol Clin. 2006:24:641–660.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vogt, S, Koenig, D, Prettin, S, et al. Unusual cause of exercise-induced ventricle fibrillation in a well-trained adult endurance athlete: a case report. J Med Case Reports. 2008:2:1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Giese, EA, O’Connor, FG, Brennan, FH, PJ, et al. The athletic preparticipation evaluation: Cardiovascular assessment. Am Fam Physician. 2007:75:1008–1014.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dimopoulos, K, Diller, GP, Okonko, D, et al. Exercise intolerance in adult congenital heart disease. Circulation. 2005:112:828–835.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Seto, CK. Preparticipation cardiovascular screening. Clin Sports Med. 2003:22:23–35.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lawless, CE, Best, TM. Electrocardiograms in athletes: Interpretation and diagnostic accuracy. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008:40:787–798.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ohuchi, H, Wantanabe, K, Kishiki, K, et al. Heart rate dynamics during and after exercise in postoperative congenital heart disease patients. Their relation to cardiac autonomic nervous activity and intrinsic sinus node dysfunction. Am Heart J. 2007:154:165–171.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Maron, BJ, Chaitman, BR, Ackerman, MJ, et al. Recommendations for physical activity and recreational sports participation for young patients with genetic cardiovascular disease. Circulation. 2004:109:2807–2816.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Williams, MA, Haskell, WL, Ades, PA, et al. Resistance exercise in individuals with and without cardiovascular disease: 2007 Update. Circulation. 2007:116:572–584.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Mitchell, JH, Haskell, W, Snell, P, et al. Task force 8: Classification of sports. J Am Coll Cardiolol. 2005:45:1364–1367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northwestern Adult Congenital Heart CenterNorthwestern Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations