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Responses of Lactic Acid Bacteria to Bacteriocins and Other Antimicrobials

  • Sikder M. Asaduzzaman
  • Kenji Sonomoto
Chapter
Part of the Food Microbiology and Food Safety book series (FMFS)

Abstract

The antibacterial compounds produced by bacteria historically have been an invaluable source of antibiotics. Bacteria produce and use agents called bacteriocins as “weapons” against each other. The knowledge regarding many aspects of bacteriocins has been accumulated very fast and the term “bacteriocin” is used to cover a wide range of chemically assorted substances. To date, numerous lactic acid bacteria (LAB) bacteriocins have been identified and characterized. This chapter discusses responses of LAB to bacteriocins and to other antimicrobials. Based on the nature of the antimicrobials, the responses of a bacterium vary widely. Bacteriocin-producing LAB have their self-defense mechanisms through immunity systems, which are optimized by the producer strain. Because bacteriocins act against the closely related bacteria, the sensitivity of the bacterial strains is quite diverse. Some LAB strains are killed by some bacteriocins with more than one mechanism (the inhibition of cell wall biosynthesis and the formation of pores into the bacterial membrane are well-established mechanisms for many bacteriocins). On the contrary, some bacteria are killed or growth is inhibited by a single mechanism. So far, bacteria have no known natural resistance mechanism against bacteriocins.

Keywords

Lactic Acid Bacterium Lactic Acid Bacterium Strain Cell Wall Biosynthesis Immunity Protein Subtilis Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tissue Banking and Biomaterial Research UnitAtomic Energy Research EstablishmentDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Division of Applied Molecular Microbiology and Biomass Chemistry, Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Graduate SchoolKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  3. 3.Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Division of Applied Molecular Microbiology and Biomass Chemistry, Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Graduate SchoolKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  4. 4.Laboratory of Functional Food Design, Department of Functional Metabolic Design, Bio-Architecture CenterKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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