Stress Responses of Oenococcus oeni

Part of the Food Microbiology and Food Safety book series (FMFS)


Oenococcus oeni is an alcohol-tolerant, acidophilic lactic acid bacterium responsible for malolactic fermention in wine. The stress responses of O. oeni have been studied at both the molecular and physiological levels. Genes encoding stress proteins mainly belong to the CtsR regulon. Other regulation mechanisms seem to coexist in O. oeni and may correspond to posttranscriptional regulation. Maintenance of the cell membrane integrity under stress conditions seems to be a prerequisite for survival in wine. The active cell response to protect membrane function under stress conditions requires changes in fatty acid composition and involves stress proteins. Various solute transporters and energy transduction systems contribute to the survival of O. oeni cells by regulating the change of internal and external pH. Finally, knowledge of the genome sequence of two O. oeni strains provides essential data, which will be discussed in this chapter.


Lactic Acid Bacterium Acid Tolerance Cyclopropane Fatty Acid Membrane Fatty Acid Composition Oeni Strain 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Equipe de Recherche en Vigne et Vin, Institut Jules GuyotUniversité de BourgogneDijonFrance

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