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Advanced Liquid Electrolyte Solutions

  • D. Aurbach
  • A. Schechter

The major families of this class are ethers, esters, and alkyl carbonates, which are highly important for the field of high energy density batteries. These solvents and their formulas are summarized in Figure 18.1. Other important solvents are acetonitrile (AN), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), N-N dimethyl formamide (DMF), methylene chloride and nitromethane. The latter five solvents are mainly important for electroanalytical use and organic synthesis. As discussed later in this chapter, the type of salt plays a major role in determining the electrochemical window of a polar aprotic system. Commonly used anions, in conjunction with Li+, are PF6 , CIO4 and BF4 . All polar aprotic solutions may contain atmospheric contaminants such as O2, H20 and C02, which are reactive and may play an important role in determining the electrochemical behavior.

Keywords

Physical Chemistry Energy Density Methylene Chloride Energy System Electrolyte Solution 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2003, First softcover printing 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Aurbach
    • 1
  • A. Schechter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryBar-Ilan UniversityRamat-GanIsrael

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