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Materials Aspects: An Overview

  • A. Manthiram

The exponential growth in portable electronic devices such as cellular phones and laptop computers during the past decade has created enormous interest in compact, light-weight batteries offering high energy densities. Also, growing environmental concerns around the globe are driving the development of advanced batteries for electric vehicles. Lithium-ion batteries are appealing for these applications as they provide higher energy density compared to the other rechargeable battery systems such as lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, and nickel-metal hydride batteries as shown in Figure l.l.1 The higher volumetric and gravimetric energy densities of the lithium-ion cells in Figure 1.1 are due to the higher cell voltages (~ 4 V) achievable by the use of non-aqueous electrolytes, which also allow a wider temperature of operation. Lithium-ion cells have become a commercial reality after the initial announcement by Sony in the early 1990s because of an intense world-wide activity on lithium insertion compounds (electrode materials) during the past three decades. This chapter provides an overview of the electrode materials aspects of rechargeable lithium batteries. A more detailed discussion of the specific cathode and anode materials systems as well as the electrolytes is presented by various authors in the subsequent chapters.

Keywords

High Energy Density Rechargeable Battery Battery System Lithium Insertion Rechargeable Lithium Batterie 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2003, First softcover printing 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Manthiram
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Science and Engineering ProgramThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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