The normal model
Perhaps the most useful (or utilized) probability model for data analysis is the normal distribution. There are several reasons for this, one being the central limit theorem, and another being that the normal model is a simple model with separate parameters for the population mean and variance – two quantities that are often of primary interest. In this chapter we discuss some of the properties of the normal distribution, and show how to make posterior inference on the population mean and variance parameters. We also compare the sampling properties of the standard Bayesian estimator of the population mean to those of the unbiased sample mean. Lastly, we discuss the appropriateness of the normal model when the underlying data are not normally distributed.
KeywordsMean Square Error Posterior Distribution Prior Distribution Normal Model Wing Length
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