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Enteral Nutrition with Anti-inflammatory Lipids in ALI/ARDS

  • A. Pontes-Arruda
  • S. J. DeMichele
Conference paper

Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are two severe forms of respiratory failure characterized by non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema and refractory hypoxemia with massive pulmonary and systemic release of pro-inflammatory mediators. The incidence of these life-threatening pulmonary diseases in the United States is currently estimated at 56–82 cases per 100,000 persons/ year [1, 2]. Current strategies adopted to treat patients with ALI and ARDS, including protective ventilation and prone positioning among others, are supportive in nature and have not shown a clear benefit in terms of mortality reduction [3].

Keywords

Arachidonic Acid Acute Lung Injury Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Enteral Nutrition Intravenous Lipid Emulsion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Pontes-Arruda
    • 1
  • S. J. DeMichele
    • 2
  1. 1.Intensive Care Nutrition DepartmentFernandes Tavora HospitalFortaleza, CearaBrazil
  2. 2.Strategic and International R & DAbbott NutritionColumbusUSA

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