How does Intra-abdominal Pressure Affect the Daily Management of My Patients?

  • I. E. De Laet
  • J. J. De Waele
  • M. L. N. G. Malbrain


A compartment syndrome exists when increased pressure in a closed anatomic space threatens the viability of the enclosed tissue. When this occurs in the abdominal cavity the impact on end-organ function within and outside the cavity can be devastating. The abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is not a disease; as such it can have many causes and it can develop within many disease processes. Unlike many commonly encountered disease processes which remain within the purview of a given discipline, intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and the ACS readily cross the usual barriers and may occur in any patient population regardless of age, illness, or injury. In an attempt to bring together all physicians and other health care workers who are confronted on a regular basis with the adverse effects of IAH, the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (WSACS, was founded.


Mean Arterial Blood Pressure Abdominal Compartment Syndrome Pulse Pressure Variation Stroke Volume Variation Intraabdominal Pressure 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. E. De Laet
    • 1
  • J. J. De Waele
    • 2
  • M. L. N. G. Malbrain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Intensive CareZNA StuivenbergAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.Surgical Intensive Care UnitGhent University HospitalGhentBelgium

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