Endotracheal Intubation in the ICU

  • S. Jaber
  • B. Jung
  • G. Chanques


Patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) often have acute respiratory failure and/or cardiovascular collapse. In addition, reserves of oxygenation and organ perfusion are limited in ICU patients in contrast to non-critically ill patients. Endotracheal intubation, which is one of the most commonly performed procedures in the ICU, is associated with a high incidence of complications because of the precarious hemodynamic and respiratory status of critically ill patients [1, 2, 3]. The incidence of life-threatening complications associated with endotracheal intubation (severe hypoxemia, cardiovascular collapse, cardiac arrest, death) in ICU patients ranges from 25 to 39 % [1, 3, 4]. Severe but non life-threatening complications, including cardiac arrhythmia, difficult endotracheal intubation, esophageal and/or traumatic endotracheal intubation, aspiration, and patient agitation [1] generally occur in 10 to 30 % of endotracheal intubations [1, 3, 4].


Endotracheal Intubation Airway Management Difficult Airway Difficult Intubation Cardiovascular Collapse 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Jaber
    • 1
  • B. Jung
    • 1
  • G. Chanques
    • 1
  1. 1.Intensive Care Unit, Department of AnesthesiologyCHU, Hôpital Saint EloiMontpellier Cedex 5France

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