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Disinhibition, Appetite, and Weight Regulation in Adults

  • Eleanor J. Bryant
Chapter

Abstract

Disinhibition (measured by the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire; Stunkard and Messick 1985) is an influential and dynamic eating behavior trait. Its importance in the field of eating behavior is becoming increasingly apparent. The objective of this chapter is to explore the etiology of Disinhibition, and its association with appetite regulation, weight status, and eating disturbances through homeostatic and hedonic processes. In addition, the application of this knowledge to other areas of health will be addressed. More specifically, this will focus on how Disinhibition could be used to identify individuals susceptible to weight gain and disturbed eating behavior, and how management of Disinhibition could be beneficial in both weight loss regimes and in treating eating disorders. Trait Disinhibition is characterized by a readiness to eat or to eat opportunistically, and thus is associated with a higher BMI and obesity. It has been demonstrated that high Disinhibition is predictive of a poorer success at weight loss and is associated with weight regain following weight loss, a low physical activity level, low self esteem, and poor psychological health. In addition, Disinhibition has been implicated in eating disorders and is associated with eating disorder severity. Disinhibition is thus a powerful trait that incorporates both psychological and physiological components which appear to influence an individual’s eating behavior and lifestyle choices.

Keywords

Eating Behavior Eating Disorder Bulimia Nervosa Binge Eating Disorder Appetite Regulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

BED

Binge eating disorder

BMI

Body mass index

BN

Bulimia nervosa

HD

High Disinhibition

HR

High Restraint

HDHR

High Disinhibition, high Restraint

HDLR

High Disinhibition, low Restraint

LDHR

Low Disinhibition, high Restraint

LDLR

Low Disinhibition, low Restraint

TEF

Thermic effect of food

TFEQ

Three Factor Eating Questionnaire

VLCD

Very low calorie diet

WHO

World Health Organisation

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Psychology Studies, Social Sciences and Humanities, Richmond HouseUniversity of BradfordWest YorkshireUK

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