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Nutrition and Quality of Life in Older People

  • Salah Gariballa
Chapter

Abstract

Many societies worldwide have experienced a considerable increase in the number of elderly people. With advancing age, there is a high incidence of chronic diseases, and evidence points to the importance of nutrition in the development, susceptibility and outcome of these diseases. There is no doubt that good nutrition contributes to the health and well being of elderly people and to their ability to recover from illness. Currently, there is evidence that undernutrition is prevalent and largely unrecognized in older people especially in the presence of disease. Undernutrition can adversely affect physical, psychological and behavioural function and this can have major social and economic implications. Recent research shows that improvement in nutrition status leads to improvement in quality of life (QoL) of older people. Although there is an urgent need for more research in this field, widespread implementation of this strategy could have a substantial beneficial impact on quality of life for older people

Keywords

Basal Metabolic Rate Nutritional Risk Subjective Global Assessment Plasma tHcy Satiate Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

BMI

Body mass index

BMR

Basal Metabolic Rate

CCK

Cholecystokinin

DHSS

Department of Health and Social Security

EAR

Estimated Average Daily Requirements

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organisation

HRQol

Health-related quality of life

PEU

Protein-Energy Undernutrition

RDA

Recommended dietary allowances

tHcy

Total plasma homocysteine

WHO

World Health Organisation

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health SciencesUAE UniversityAl-AinUnited Arab Emirates

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