Anxiety and Self Medication with Alcohol

  • Carmen C. Moran
  • Anthony J. Saliba


People drink alcohol for many reasons and in many contexts. The reasons for drinking can be categorised in several ways, including physiological and familial perspectives, and can be influenced by various factors, including social pressure and marketing of the product. Estimates of drinkers in the population are extremely variable, in one study alone ranging from 92% to 6%, but the variation included differences across countries, gender, and other sample characteristics (Gmel et al. 2006). The variability associated with estimates may be at least somewhat related to the difficulty in defining a ‘drinker’; is someone who consumes a few glasses per year at social functions such as weddings to be included for instance? In many countries over half the population are drinkers, at least some of the time (Breslow and Graubard 2008; Gmel et al. 2006). In a US-wide study of over 20,000 drinkers, 26% of men and 20% of women admitted to drinking daily (Breslow and Graubard 2008).


Negative Affect Anxiety Disorder Positive Affect Social Anxiety Binge Drinking 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Generalised anxiety disorder


Positive affect negative affect schedule


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Wine and Grape Industry CentreCharles Sturt UniversityWagga WaggaAustralia

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