Action-Oriented and Participatory Health Education in Primary Schools
  • W. Onyango-Ouma
  • D. Lang’o
  • B. B. Jensen


Kenya lies across the equator in East Africa, on the coast of the Indian Ocean. It borders Somalia to the east, Ethiopia to the north, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, and Sudan to the northwest. While the last census conducted in 1999 estimated the population to be about 29 million inhabitants, 2006 estimates put the population at about 34 million. The population growth rate is about 2.6%, while the life expectancy is about 55 years and in some areas as low as 40 years. The literacy level was estimated to be about 85% in 2003; however, this varies across regions, with some regions having very low literacy levels. The GDP is about $41.36 billion (2006) with a per capita income of $1,200, while the unemployment rate is high. Although only 8% of total land is arable, Kenya is mainly an agricultural country, relying on cash crops such as coffee, tea, wheat, and a variety of subsistence crops.


Health Education School Health Mass Treatment Health Club Action Competence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This project had financial support from the Danish International Development Assistance (DANIDA) through the Kenyan-Danish Health Research Project (KEDAHR).


  1. Jensen, B. B. (1997). A case of two paradigms within health education. Health Education Research 12, 419–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Jensen, B. B. (2000). Health knowledge and health education in relation to a democratic health promoting school. Health Education 100, 146–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Onyango-Ouma, W., Aagaard-Hansen, J., & Jensen, B.B. (2005). The potential of schoolchildren as health change agents in rural western Kenya. Social Science and Medicine 51, 1711–1722.Google Scholar
  4. Ouma, J.H., Magnussen, P, Thiong'o, F.W., Muchiri, E., Luoba, A., & Adoka, S.O. (1996). Kenyan-Danish Health Research Projects. Unpublished report.Google Scholar
  5. Simovska, V. (2004). Student participation: A democratic education perspective—experience from the Health-Promoting Schools in Macedonia. Health Education Research 19, 198–207.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. World Health Organization. (1995). Health of school children: Treatment of intestinal helminths and schistosomiasis. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Onyango-Ouma
    • 1
  • D. Lang’o
    • 1
  • B. B. Jensen
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Anthropology, Gender and African StudiesUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya

Personalised recommendations