India is a country of 3.3 million km2, comprising 28 states and 7 union territories, with a population of 1.13 billion making it the second most populous country in the world. One-third of India's households are in urban areas and two-thirds in rural areas. Sixty-eight percent of households (56% of rural and 93% of urban) have access to electricity, and 45% have access to toilet facilities. Eighty-eight percent of households use an improved source of drinking water (95% urban, 85% rural), but only 25% have water piped into their dwelling, yard, or plot. One-third of households treat their drinking water to make it potable (National Family Health Survey, 2005–2006).
KeywordsSchool Attendance Union Territory Toilet Facility National Family Health Survey School Health Program
The authors and HOPE Initiative gratefully acknowledge technical support and guidance from Dr. Cherian Varghese, WHO India Country Office. The project is supported under the WHO Government of India Collaborative Program. The founder members of HOPE Initiative are Justice D.K. Trivedi, Mrs. Sandhya Singh, Mrs. Manju Tayal, Mrs. Surabhi Kapoor, Mr. Kiron Chopra, Dr. U.C. Ghoshal, Mr. Elton D'Souza, and Dr. G. Choudhuri.
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