A Health-Promoting Schools Approach to Reduce the Risks of Lead Poisoning and to Establish Cross-Ethnic Collaboration
  • Ian Young
  • Ardita Tahirukaj

On 17 February 2008, Kosovo declared itself an independent state. Since then, several countries have recognized its new status, but others, such as Serbia and Russia, have not. This case study describes activities that took place in the years leading up to the declaration of independence, when Kosovo was a United Nation's Administered Province with Provisional Institutes of Self-Government, divided into five administrative regions encompassing 30 municipalities. Kosovo has a population of approximately two million people. The proportion of children of school age and younger is almost one-half of the population, and 37% are under 14 years of age. The conflict in the Balkans in 1999 and also the gradual deterioration of conditions left Kosovo with severe problems in its infrastructure, local capacity, and relationships among the main ethnic groups. Environmental pollution has left a legacy of severe heavy metal contamination in specific, heavily populated industrial areas.


Blood Lead Level Lead Poisoning Public Awareness Campaign Training Seminar High Blood Lead Level 
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The authors dedicate this paper to all those working in Kosovo to improve the health and environmental problems that affect all people irrespective of their ethnic origins.

The WHO Office in Pristina and Kosovo HPS Inter-Ministerial Advisory Committee acknowledge the valuable and extensive contributions of Ian Young in the development of the HPS Program and training of the officials from health, education, environment sector, school directors, and teachers on HPS approach.

WHO Office in Pristina also thanks Gay Gray, Katerina Sokou, and Lina Kosterova Unkovska, whose expertise contributed to the training of teachers, health, and environment officials.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Health Promotion consultantEdinburghUK

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